Intrahousehold Bargaining, Domestic Violence Laws and Child Health Development in Ghana
Abstract. I explore a unique exogenous instrument to examine how the intra-familial position of women influence health outcomes of their children using micro data from Ghana. Using the 2SLS-IV estimation technique, I build a model of household bargaining and child health development with perceptions of women regarding wife-beating and marital rape in the existence of domestic violence laws, in Ghana. Even though the initial OLS estimates suggest that women’s participation in decisions regarding purchases of household consumption goods help to improve child health outcomes, the IV estimates reveal that the presence of endogeneity underestimates the impact of women’s bargaining power on child health outcomes. Our choice of instrument is robust to endogeneity, father characteristics and residency robustness checks.
Keywords. Household Bargaining, Women Empowerment, Child Health Investment, Instrumental Variables, Domestic Violence.
JEL. J12, J13.
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